Reasoning Syllolism Quiz

Directions (Q.1-5): In each of the following questions, two/three statements are given followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read both the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically and definitely follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.


1. Statements: All beans are pulses.
       All pulses are crops.
       No crop is seed.
     Conclusions:
        I. All crops are pulses.
        II. All beans are crops.
  1) Only conclusion II follows.  
  2) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows  
  3) Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows 
 4) Only conclusion I follow. 
 5) Both conclusion I and conclusion II follows.       
   
2. Statements: No fruit is vegetable.
      All potatoes are vegetables.
      Some fruits are apples.
      Conclusions: I. Some apples are potatoes.
         II. Some potatoes being fruits is a possibility.
  1) Both conclusion I and conclusion II follows. 
 2) Only conclusion II follows. 
 3) Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. 
 4) Only conclusion I follow. 
  5) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.       
     

3. Statements: All books are journals.
       All diaries are journals.
    Conclusions: I. All journals are books.
        II. Some diaries being books is a possibility.
 1) Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. 
 2) Only conclusion I follow. 
 3) Both conclusion I and conclusion II follows. 
 4) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. 
 5) Only conclusion II follows.          
   
4. Statements: No fruit is a vegetable.
      All potatoes are vegetables.
     Some fruits are apples.
 Conclusions: I. No fruit is a potato.
        II. At least some apples are fruits. 
 1) Both conclusion I and conclusion II follows. 
 2) Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. 
 3) Only conclusion II follows. 
 4) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. 
 5) Only conclusion I follows.          
   
5. Statements: All beans are pulses.
     All pulses are crops.
 Conclusions: I. No seed is a bean.
       II. No bean is a pulse.
 1) Both conclusion I and conclusion II follows. 
 2) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. 
 3) Only conclusion I follow. 
 4) Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. 
 5) Only conclusion II follows.



Answers:

1) 1 (Only conclusion II follows.)
2) 5 (Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.)
3) 5 (Only conclusion II follows.)
4) 1 (Both conclusion I and conclusion II follows.)
5) 2 (Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.)


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