Verb Types in a Sentence

In the last post we are already discussed about what is a simple sentence. And also described about the subject in a sentence. So now on we are going to learn about different types of verbs.

As we already know there are three types of verbs. Those are Intransitive, Linking and Transitive.



So let us discuss in detail about them.

Intransitive Verb:
        An intransitive  verb can occur alone in the predicate of a sentence, because it requires no other sentence element to complete its meaning.

                     Ex:     The baby cried
                                The temperature dropped



Sentence Pattern-I
S
 +
V
The baby  +cried

Linking Verbs:
       Unlike other (normal) verbs, the verb be does not denote any kind of "action". Instead, it links the subject to another element following the verb.
                   Ex:     Krishna is 15.
      Be is by far the most common linking verb, though there are several other:
                   Ex:     Ramu seems unhappy.
                              She looks uncomfortable.
The element following a linking verb is called the Subject Complement (SC).


Sentence Pattern-II
S+
V
+
SC
Ramu+seems+unhappy

Transitive Verbs:
        A transitive verb is a verb which cannot stand alone in the predicate of a sentence. Instead, it requires another sentence element to complete its meaning. Lets take an example;
                 Ex:   The soldiers destroyed.
       Here in the above example it is not complete. It asks about what is destroyed. Then it should be convert as follows.
                Ex:   The soldiers destroyed the village
                         He bought a new house.
                         They surprised on seeing me.
        In these examples, the element that completes the meaning of the transitive verb is called the Direct Object (DO).


Sentence Pattern-III
S+
V
+
DO
He+bought+a new house
The Direct Object is typically that part of a sentence which is affected by the "action" of the verb. It can often be identified by asking a question beginning with what or whom?

             Ex:  What did he bought?
                      A new house is the answer for above question.

Along with these verb types it is also necessary to learn some other will form different sentence patterns. Those are simply Object types which are applied after verb in the predicate.
Here we already discussed about Direct Object along with it there is another two things Indirect Object and Object Complement.

Indirect Object:
          Some sentences contain two objects. Like below sentence.
                        We gave Raju the prize.
         The two objects here are Raju and the prize.
The elements the prize is the direct object (what did we give Raju?-The prize). The other object Raju, is called the indirect object (IO)

            Ex:  She told her husband the news.
                   I asked him a question.
When two objects are present in a sentence, the indirect object comes first, followed by the direct object.



Sentence Pattern-IV
S+
V
+
IO
+
DO
We+gave+Raju+the prize

     We gave Raju the prize = We gave the prize to Raju

Object Complement:
           An object complement (OC) describes an attribute of the direct object.
                 Ex:  The dye turned the water black.
         Here, black is the object complement. It describes an attribute of the water.
                Ex:  His comments made me angry.


Sentence Pattern-V
S+
V
+
DO
+
OC
The dye+turned+the water+blue
The pattern of sentence IV and V looks same but works in different ways.

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